Art in the Indus Valley Civilization


At Mohenjodaro
  • Mohenjodaro human figurines are all male. 11 stone sculptures were found. Bearded man: made of steatite, upper lip was shaven, eyes inlaid with shell, has a contemplative state, fillet is tied around the head, amulet on left hand. Another statue has hair tied in a bun. One statuette is of composite ram and elephant.
  • Bronze dancing girl from Mohenjodaro as well.
At Harappa
  • Two stone torsos’ – one of red sand stone and another grey, the heads and arms made separately and fitted into sockets. Albastar and lime-stone were used.
  • Dog attacking deer on a pin from Harappa.
  • Human head from Kalibangan.
  • Little bullock carts and ekkas from Harappa and Channu Daro.
  • Terracotta: Toy carts, doves, cat/tiger and grotesque animals (e.g. ‘flook like’ figures). Animal are portrayed more realistically than humans. Some were produced from casts while many were pinch made.
  • Female Mother goddess had a painted head dress, short skirts and jewels. Bulls are represented but not the cow, hens but cocks. Triangular terracotta cakes were produced only in the Indus Valley Civilization. Masks were made.
  • Man headed animals with beards were also made.
  • Seals: Generally of steatite, square, with perforated boss in the back for hanging. Some seals were round (similar to Mesopotamia, Bahrain etc.).
  • They have intaglio design (i.e., engraved with a sunk pattern so that impression appears on relief.) Unicorn, tiger, elephant, antelope, crocodile, zebu (humped bull) were represented.
  • Three headed god, elephant tiger, buffalo, and rhino at the four corners, and two deers below him, horned headdress, seated on a stool.
  • On a seal, a hero fighting two tigers is similar to the Gilgamesh myth of Sumer (Mesopotamia).
  • Rectangular seals have only inscriptions. In Jhukar, round seals were made of pottery and faience and a few of stone and metal with no inscriptions. One seal depicts a naked goddess between the branches of a peepal tree with a kneeling worshipper behind, which is a human headed goat.

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