Biosphere Reserve


Biosphere reserves are ‘areas of terrestrial and coastal/ marine ecosystems or a combination thereof, which are internationally recognised within the framework of UNESCO’s Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB)’. 

Reserves are nominated by national government; each reserve must meet a minimal set of criteria and adhere to a minimal set of conditions before being admitted to a  before being admitted to a network. 

Each biosphere reserve is intended to fulfil three complementary functions: a conservation function, to preserve genetic resources, species, ecosystems and landscapes; a development function, to foster sustainable economic and human development, and a logistic support function, to support demonstration projects, environmental education and training, and research and monitoring related to local, national and global issues of conservation and sustainable development.

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