Women who drink Coffee less likely to be depressed


Now that comes as yet another fantastic piece of research work for all those women who are coffee addicted.  Women who drink two or more cups of coffee a day are less likely to get depressed, research suggests.  The findings, published in Archives of Internal Medicine, come from a study of more than 50,000 US female nurses. The Harvard Medical School team tracked the health of the women over a decade from 1996 to 2006 and relied on questionnaires to record their coffee consumption.  Just over 2,600 of the women developed depression over this time period.Compared with women who drank one cup of caffeinated coffee or less per week, those who consumed two to three cups per day had a 15% decreased risk of developing depression. Now isn’t that a good news friends, @younghopes we do believe coz it is just giving us one more reason to drink our coffee…and no one gonna stop us Hah… you can read the entire story here BBC

What is Mental Retardation?


According to the U.S. Department of Education, about 11% of school-aged children were enrolled in special education programs for students with mental retardation.
There are four categories of mental retardation: mild, moderate, severe, and profound. The roughly 80% of retarded persons who are classified as mildly retarded have an IQ between 50 or 55 and 70. Mild retardation, which may not be detected in early childhood, usually involves little sensorimotor impairment. Persons in this category can be educated up to a sixth-grade level. With adequate vocational guidance, they can live and work productively in the community as adults, either independently or with some degree of supervision.
About 10% of retarded persons are classified as moderately retarded, with IQs generally between 35 and 50. Although they usually do not progress beyond the second-grade level academically, as adults they can take care of themselves within supervised settings and perform unskilled or semiskilled work.

Australia Standing in Research in the World


Australia has one of the most productive and efficient science systems in the world.

  • Australia is among the 153 top performing countries in all fields. Australia is ranked # 10 for citations, # 9 for papers and # 29 for citations per paper (According to ISI Essential Science lndicators 5M).
  • The number of Australian scientific publications per million of the Australian population increased from 1149 in 2004 to 1318 in 2005. This is the highest level ever recorded in recent years.
  • The citation impact index of the Australian scientific publications was 1.14 times the world average (2004 data).
  •  In 2002, there were almost 8 researchers for every 1000 Australian workers, placing Australia 9th in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
  • Over the period 1996-2001, Australia was highly productive in obtaining biotechnology patents (European Patent Office) compared to other countries, behind only Denmark and Canada.
  • Australia may only have a third of one percent of world’s population, but it contributes 2.5 percent of world’s medical research.
  • Taking advantage of the world-class research facilities, around 200 core biotechnology companies operate in Australia more per capita than in the United States.
Australian of the year for their Contribution to the World or Science

Year
Scientist and their Contribution
2007
Tim Flannery – Climate Change Crusader, one of the worldss leading writer-scientist thinkers and an internationally acclaimed explorer and environmentalist.
2006
Professor Ian Frazer – Has developed vaccines to prevent and to treat cervical cancer.
2005
Dr. Fiona Wood – Invented a spray on skin for burns victims. Where previous techniques of skin culturing required 21 days to produce enough cells to cover major burns, Fiona has reduced that period to five days.
2003
Prof. Fiona Stanley – Australian of the Year 2003, Founding Director of the Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, in Subiaco, Western Australia.
2000
Sir Gustav Nossal AC CBE FAA FRS – His confirmation of Burnet!s theory of antibody formation was a turning point in the medical profession’s understanding of the immune system.
1998
Professor Peter Doherty, Nobel prize in Medicine for his work in Immunology Research.
1975
Sir John Cornforth AC CBE – Nobel Laureate in stereochemistry.
1963
Sir John Eccles AC, Joint Winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his pioneering work on the chemical means by which signals are transmitted by nerve cells.
1960
Sir MacFarlane Burnet and a British scientist shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine for the discovery of the concept of acquired immunological tolerance.

Australia was the first country in the world to introduce a circulating series of polymer banknotes. These notes have, as a major security element, a distinctive transparent window, as well as a range of other printed security features.
In addition to their enhanced security, in Australia the notes last four times longer than the paper notes they replaced. At the end of their life they may be recycled for use in a variety of plastic products. Many countries now use this Australian developed technology.